archi 2018

RESEARCH

Smart Charging of electric vehicles

This report identifies obstacles to the development of smart charging of electric vehicles and it provides an overview of ways to eliminate bottlenecks. It’s an instrument market and policy makers can use to put specific ideas into practice, to accelerate the development of smart charging.

PWC

Smart Charging van elektrische voertuigen, institutionele knelpunten en mogelijke oplossingen (Research in Dutch)

Smart charging TSE Urban Energy

The aim of this project is finding a more sustainable and cheaper way to charge an EV. Software was developed that is able to pool electricity demand of EVs and can activate flexible load in case of grid emergency or at times of high electricity demand.

Topsector Energie

Smart charging TSE Urban Energy (in Dutch)

HTC: the world’s smartest grid

Regional smart grid at the High Tech Campus Eindhoven (business area) with EVs and charging points. HTC contains an open smart charging protocol, with a 24 hours forecast of available cable capacity.

Topsector Energie

HTC: the world’s smartest grid (in Dutch)

Universal smart energy framework (USEF)

A framework designed for trading flexibility of electrical equipment by an electricity generator. Electricity stored by EVs is essential to this framework.

Topsector Energie

Universal smart energy framework (USEF) (in Dutch)

Smart grid in sustainable Lochem

A stress test proves the necessity of smart charging solutions. Demand and supply of electricity for charging EVs is managed by PowerMatcher. EV drivers feed their preferences (like start and end charging time) into an app. Charging capacity is then spread over available charging time.


Topsector Energie

Intelligent Net in duurzaam Lochem (in Dutch)

Smart Grid V2X

Electricity generated from solar panels for individual house holds is being stored by an electric vehicle. This way, EVs are being used to charge and decharge, avoiding an overload on the electricity grid.

Topsector Energie

Smart Grid V2X

Future-proof Flexible Charging

Electric vehicles can improve the quality of life in metropolitan areas, and flexible charging can support the transition to solar and wind energy. Charging needs to be planned in periods with a lot of sun and wind, when electricity prices are low. Furthermore, batteries need to be sufficiently charged within a short amount of time. However, exactly how much energy can be generated using sun and wind depends on the weather, and the level of charging flexibility depends on the drivers. Recently-developed planning algorithms can accommodate these kinds of uncertainties.

Amsterdam Institute for advanced metropolitan solutions


Charging free floating shared cars in metropolitan areas

Electric car sharing provides plenty of benefits for the urban area.The increasing number of free floating electric car sharing (FFECS), shared vehicles that can be picked up and left everywhere in the city borders, results in a new group with their own charging behaviour. This research focussed on a FFECS system in Amsterdam. Based on over 1,5 million observations, parking patterns and charging patterns were mapped.

Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences

Charging free floating shared cars in metropolitan areas


V2G Repository: 18 European V2G projects

An overview of 18 Vehicle-to-Grid projects, by the department of Urban Technology at the  Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. All projects were executed in collaboration with various research partners.

Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences

V2G Repository: 18 European V2G projects

Charging Infrastructure Guidelines

Market parties, government and research institutes collaborated in developing charging infrastructure guidelines. Data were used from the cities of The Hague, Amsterdam and urban areas in the Gelderland province.

NKL – Netherlands Knowledge Platform for Charging Infrastructure

Charging infrastructure Guidelines (In Dutch – Kencijfers Laadinfrastructuur EV)